An Article By Paul Craven:
PEIG SAYERS was born in Vicarstown, Dunquin,
County Kerry in early 1873. She was baptised on the 29th of
March of that year.
Her parents, Tomas Sayers and his wife Peig Ni Bhrosnachain,
were survivors of the Great Famine a quarter of a century
Of the thirteen children born to her parents, nine died in infancy,
and Peig was the youngest of the four children who lived into
From about the age of six, she attended Dunquin National School, which she left at an early age to go into domestic service with a shopkeeper’s family in Dingle.
After four happy years, ill-health forced her to return to her own family.. After she recovered her health, she entered domestic service with another family.
But her new mistress, who was harsh on Peig, caused her to be unhappy, and, so she returned home for a second time.
Then, in 1892, when aged nineteen her family made a “match” for her with a thirty year old farmer and fisherman named Padraig 0
Gaoithin, (nicknamed “Pat’s Flint”).
She met her husband-to-be only once before she married him in
Dunquin Church on the 13th of February, 1892.
She then left the Mainland and went to live with her husband’s
family on the Great Blasket Island, where she remained for the next fifty years.
The Islanders immediately nicknamed the tall newcomer to their Island, “Peig Mhor” (or “Big Peig”).
LIFE ON THE Blasket Island was hard: Peig’s daily chores included collecting turf and firewood, cooking (mainly fish and potatoes), baking bread churning milk, fetching water, washing, spinning, knitting and mending clothes.
But, on the other hand, her marriage was a happy one. She bore ten children, of whom three died in infancy, one died as an adult, and five emigrated to America.
Then, in 1920 her husband died. But, in spite of these setbacks, Peig continued to enjoy Island life.
At the turn of the last century, newspapers were scarce, books were even scarcer, and television and wireless sets had not even been invented.
For entertainment, people met in each others houses and exchanged
news, and, more importantly, told stories.
And, in this regard, Peig Sayers quickly earned a well deserved
reputation as a “Seanchai”, or storyteller.
She had an extraordinary memory and, after hearing a story only once, could repeat it accurately, even if it took several days to re-tell it from start to finish.
She had an excellent command of her native Irish language, as well as a remarkable ability for a beautiful turn of phrase.
No aspect of island life was absent from her memory – folk tales, legends, local history, proverbs (or old sayings), folk practices, traditional beliefs and superstitions, as well as ancient prayers, blessings and curses.
Her stories covered all aspects of the art of storytelling, such as comedy, mystery and tragedy.
Then, in the early years of the last century, there was a phenomenon known as the “Gaelic Revival”, urged on by the Gaeli4. League, the GAA and Smu Feint Irish people tried to re-establish their pride in all things Irish.
Visitors and scholars travelled to the Irish speaking areas of the country (or Gaeltachtai) to learn Irish, and when they came to the Blasket Islands, their attention was directed to “Peig Mhor”.
She welcomed them into her home, and regaled them with stories, just as he had regaled her neighbours and friends. For the first time countless aspects of oral tradition were taken down in writing and
published, mostly in learned journals and magazines.
Later, they were ptiblished in book form, entitled “Scealta 0’ mBlaseaod”(or “Stories from the Blasket”)
This encouraged Peig to commit more material to writing. Her son, Michael, nicknamed “Maidh~ File” (or “Mike the Poet”), returned
from America, and, at her dictation wrote “Peig” her autobiography or life story (Curiously, in spite of her command of Irish, Peig could
neither read nor write Irish!)
“Peig” was published in 1936, and in 1937 was awarded the prestigious Douglas Hyde Prize. (This was called after Douglas
Hyde, the Founder of the Gaelic League, and first President of
Soon afterwards, “Peig” was prescribed as a set school text for study in Irish schools. Another book, also dictated by Peig, “Machnamh Sean-mhna” (or “An old Woman’s Reflections”), was published in 1939.
Then for good measure, a collector from the Government’s Irish Folklore Commissioti collected no less than 375 stories and 40 songs from Peig.
Later, in 1942 after living on the Blasket Island for half a century
she returned to Vicarstown, where she had been born, to live with her son.
Then, her health declined and nearly blind she died in Dingle
Hospital, on the 8th of December, 1958, after which she was buried in Dunquin Cemetery.
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